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Table 1 Patients’ demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Complementary horse-assisted therapy for substance use disorders: a randomized controlled trial

VariableItemcHAT (N)cHAT (%)TAU-only (N)TAU-only (%)Total (N)Total (%)P value*
Subjects 1849195137100 
GenderMale844147422600.099
Female10565261541 
Age (years)year < 2016211380.763
20 ≤ yea ≤ 26147815792978 
26 < yea ≤ 30317211514 
Schooling (years)yea ≤ 10739115818490.330
yea > 1011618421951 
Substancesbn = 121152612190.541
n = 2211316714 
n ≥ 3147811581268 
Comorbiditiesbn = 031773710270.349
n = 18447371541 
n = 2317421719 
n ≥ 342215514 
  1. cHAT patients are those in Horse Assisted Therapy complementary to Treatment As Usual (TAU), and the TAU-only group are patients in Treatment as Usual only. N indicates frequencies, and % indicates proportions as percentages
  2. * P value calculated using Fisher’s Exact Test (* P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001)
  3. aCannabis, alcohol, heroin, amphetamine, benzodiazepine, (GHB) gamma hydroxybutyrate, and cocaine
  4. bMood disorders, neurotic stress/post-traumatic stress disorders, personality disorders and behavioural and emotional disorders