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Table 3 Substance use characteristics of clients attending an Aboriginal alcohol and other drug residential rehabilitation service in New South Wales (NSW), Australia (1 January 2011–31 December 2016)

From: Understanding the client characteristics of Aboriginal residential alcohol and other drug rehabilitation services in New South Wales, Australia

Substance use characteristics Study sites (N = 2104)
Namatjira Havena
n = 349
The Glen Centreb
n = 703
Weigelli
n = 589
Orana Havenc
n = 51
Oolong House
n = 344
Maayu Mali
n = 68
Principal substance of concern (%) %
 Alcohol 66 36 29 16 48 41
 Cannabis 3 7 14 20 12 16
 Amphetamines 18 45 41 63 32 39
 Opioids 13 8 9 1 5 3
 Other 4 7 3 1
Secondary substance of concern (%)
 Alcohol 7 34
 Amphetamines 34 27
 Opioids 5 11
 Cannabis 53 26
 Other 1 2
Smoking status (%)
 Smoker (in the last 12 months) 56 82 84 81
 Non-smoker (in the last 12 months) 37 18 6 19
 Not stated 7 10
Alcohol use risk: 10-item AUDIT (%)
 Low risk (doug0–7) 20
 Moderate risk (8–15) 10
 High risk (16–19) 11
 Dependent (20 +) 59
Drug use risk: 10-item DUDIT (%)
 Low risk (score 0–24) 12
 High risk (score > 25) 88
Severity of dependence (%) (Indigenous Risk Impact Screen—IRIS)
 At risk (score 10+) 98
(Severity of Dependence Scale—SDS)
 Low (score 0–3) 4 10
 Mild (score 4–6) 13 25
 Moderate (score 7–9) 28 28
 Substantial (score 10–12) 35 21
 Severe (score 13–15) 20 16
  1. aData varied for numbers of clients for different measures (range: n = 41 to n = 149 for Namatjira Haven)
  2. bData varied for numbers of clients for different measures (range: n = 703 for The Glen Centre, except for smoking status n = 133)
  3. cData used from a paper by Alice Munro and colleagues (2018; Orana Haven)