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Table 4 Outcome measure estimated baseline means (M) and changes at subsequent time-points

From: Does an adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training programme result in positive outcomes for participants with a dual diagnosis? A mixed methods study

Variable Estimate T1
M (95% CI)
Change at T2
M (95% CI)
Change at T3
M (95% CI)
Dysfunctional coping (DBT WCCL) 43.82 (41.41, 46.23) − 11.63* (− 15.54, − 7.71) − 13.60* (− 18.77, − 8.42)
DBT skill use (DBT WCCL) 65.00 (60.19, 69.81) + 23.64* (18.48, 28.80) + 20.58* (13.66, 27.50)
Emotional dysregulation (DERS) 120.97 (115.68, 126.27) − 41.64* (− 50.34, − 32.94) − 38.97* (− 50.75, − 27.18)
Mindfulness (FFMQ) 64.48 (61.88, 67.07) + 18.05* (13.30, 22.81) + 18.52* (12.03, 25.01)
  1. Note Changes at each time-point are relative to the baseline
  2. 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  3. * p < .001
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