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Table 1 Facility characteristics, champion characteristics and quantitative implementation outcome measures

From: Implementing alcohol use disorder pharmacotherapy in primary care settings: a qualitative analysis of provider-identified barriers and impact on implementation outcomes

  Site 1 Site 2 Site 3
Facility characteristics
Geographic region South Midwest Midwest
Complexity* 1A 1B 1A
Number of primary care providers 63 47 93
Number of primary care provider interviews completed 10 5 9
Percent of primary care providers interviewed 16% 11% 10%
Substance use disorders champions
Training Addiction psychiatrist, board certified in addiction psychiatry and addiction medicine Primary care physician, board certified in addiction medicine Addiction psychiatrist, board certified in addiction psychiatry
Years of experience 20 15 30 +
Supervisory role Addiction medicine fellowship director Addiction medicine fellowship director Addiction medicine fellowship director
Primary care mental health integration champions
Training Clinical pharmacy specialist Clinical social worker Clinical psychologist
Years of experience 3 20 + 22
Supervisory role None Co-director, primary care mental health integration Director, primary care mental health integration
Total hours of champion time documented 380 103 82
Pre-implementation prescribing rate 3.6% 4.3% 3.4%
Post-implementation prescribing rate 6.3% 4.6% 5.5%
% Difference 2.7% (ns) 0.3% (ns) 2.1% (p < 0.01)
% Relative increase 75% 7% 62%
  1. *Complexity rating for VHA hospitals employs several variables, including the total number of patients served by the facility, the number and types of intensive care units in the facility, the number of resident programs and the total number of resident slots available, the total amount of research dollars managed by a facility, and the number and breath of physician specialists employed by the facility. 1 = High Complexity (A representing highest level in this category followed by B and C); 2 = Medium Complexity; 3 = Low Complexity