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Table 2 Rates of substance use disorders and substance use disorder treatment among U.S. adults with substance use disorders with and without histories of incarceration

From: Utilization of addiction treatment among U.S. adults with history of incarceration and substance use disorders

  Substance use disorder with no history of incarceration (N = 8183) Substance use disorder with history of incarceration (N = 2670) Test of difference
Raw n (weighted %) Raw n (weighted %) Odds ratio (95% CI)
Substance use disorders
 Tobacco use disorder 3693 (45.77) 1834 (71.50) 2.97 (2.63, 3.36)
 Alcohol use disorder 7550 (92.69) 2388 (90.48) .75 (.63, .89)
 Cannabis use disorder 1429 (17.06) 798 (29.77) 2.06 (1.77, 2.40)
 Sedative use disorder 207 (2.47) 149 (6.41) 2.71 (2.18, 3.38)
 Heroin use disorder 57 (.74) 100 (4.17) 5.80 (3.97, 8.48)
 Other opioid use disorder 407 (5.01) 279 (11.79) 2.54 (2.08, 3.09)
 Cocaine use disorder 415 (5.12) 450 (16.13) 3.56 (2.96, 4.29)
 Other stimulant use disorder 293 (3.77) 270 (11.21) 3.22 (2.64, 3.92)
 Club drug use disorder 99 (1.10) 79 (3.07) 2.86 (2.00, 4.08)
 Inhalant use disorder 23 (.31) 26 (1.23) 3.99 (1.95, 8.15)
 Hallucinogen use disorder 94 (1.20) 93 (4.34) 3.74 (2.66, 5.26)
Any treatment for alcohol use disorder
 Self-help group treatment 795 (9.32) 882 (33.39) 4.88 (4.26, 5.58)
 Detox/inpatient treatment 414 (4.69) 458 (16.73) 4.09 (3.41, 4.90)
 Outpatient treatment/rehabilitation 517 (5.99) 667 (24.29) 5.03 (4.21, 6.02)
 Emergency room 252 (3.05) 353 (13.34) 4.90 (3.87, 6.21)
 Any alcohol use disorder treatment 926 (10.98) 977 (37.07) 4.78 (4.17, 5.47)
Any treatment for drug use disorder
 Self-help group treatment 295 (3.35) 438 (15.37) 5.24 (4.37, 6.28)
 Detox/inpatient treatment 197 (2.20) 279 (9.68) 4.76 (3.73, 6.07)
 Outpatient treatment/rehabilitation 261 (3.04) 390 (13.49) 4.98 (4.06, 6.10)
 Emergency room 75 (.82) 136 (5.05) 6.42 (4.63, 8.88)
 Any drug use disorder treatment 386 (4.41) 506 (17.87) 4.72 (3.94, 5.64)
  1. Italic values indicate OR < .5 or OR > 1.5
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