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Table 3 Factors associated with post-release illicit substance use

From: Illicit substance use after release from prison among formerly incarcerated primary care patients: a cross-sectional study

Independent variable* Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Age 0.98 0.96–1.00
Male 3.91 1.73–8.81
Black 1.31 0.82–2.09
Unstable housing 1.68 0.58–4.82
Institutional housing 0.81 0.28–2.35
Doubling up 3.33 1.20–9.28
Length of most recent incarceration (years) 0.93 0.89–0.98
Time to TCN engagement (weeks) 1.07 1.03–1.10
Parole 0.58 0.34–0.99
Depression 1.32 0.82–2.13
Bipolar disorder 1.62 0.97–2.71
Drug use disorder 2.27 1.40–3.68
  1. *662 participants with complete data included in regression