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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 751 participants who received medical care following release from prison

From: Illicit substance use after release from prison among formerly incarcerated primary care patients: a cross-sectional study

Demographic characteristic Reported any substance use since release (%)
(n = 134)
Did not report any substance use since release (%)
(n = 617)
Total n (%)
(n = 751)
p-value
Age, median (IQ range) 45 (35–51) 48 (39–54) 47 (38–53) < 0.01
Male 123 (92) 517 (84) 640 (85) 0.02
Race/ethnicity     
 Hispanic 36 (27) 191 (31) 227 (30) NS
 Non-Hispanic black 72 (54) 280 (45) 352 (47) 0.08
 Non-Hispanic white 19 (14) 115 (19) 134 (18) NS
 Other 7 (5) 31 (5) 38 (5) NS
Graduated high school 50 (38) 255 (42) 305 (41) NS
Receive employment earnings 7 (5) 54 (9) 61 (8) NS
Receive any income 61 (46) 316 (51) 377 (50) NS
Housing     
 Unstable 44 (33) 148 (24) 192 (26) 0.04
 Institutional 25 (19) 266 (42) 291 (39) < 0.01
 “Doubling up” 58 (43) 152 (25) 210 (28) < 0.01
 Rent/own 7 (5) 50 (8) 57 (7) NS
Years incarcerated during latest prison term, median (IQ) 2 (1–4) 4 (2–9) 4 (2–8) <  0.01
Weeks to TCN engagement, median (IQ) 7 (3–14) 4 (2–9) 5 (2–9) <  0.01
Current parole 95 (72) 501 (82) 596 (80) <  0.01
Reported diagnoses     
 Depression (N = 683) 71 (59) 240 (43) 311 (46) <  0.01
 Bipolar (N = 677) 42 (36) 141 (25) 183 (27) 0.02
 PTSD (N = 680) 23 (19) 100 (18) 123 (18) NS
 Schizophrenia (N = 684) 25 (20) 84 (15) 109 (16) NS
 Drug use disorder (N = 689) 74 (60) 236 (42) 310 (45) < 0.01
 Alcohol use disorder (N = 695) 34 (27) 171 (30) 205 (30) NS
Received SUD treatment in prison (N = 362) 53 (65) 201 (72) 254 (70) NS
  1. Italic = statistically significant