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Table 2 Implementation constructs

From: Patient and provider perspectives on implementation barriers and facilitators of an integrated opioid treatment and HIV care intervention

CFIR domain Implementation construct Operationalized definition
Intervention characteristic Complexity The complexity (in terms of time, steps, or difficulty) of the intervention itself
  Adaptability The ability, or lack thereof, to adapt the intervention to the specific clinic context
  Relative advantage Improvements or worsening by the intervention, compared to currently existing programs, or having nothing in place of the intervention
  Evidence Stakeholders’ perceptions of the quality and validity of evidence supporting the belief that the innovation will have desired outcomes
Outer setting Patient needs and resources The extent to which the intervention addressed or accounted for patient needs and limited resources
Inner setting Available resources The presence or absence of resources specific to the intervention
  Compatibility The level of compatibility the intervention had with work processes and organizational values
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