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Table 1 Characteristics of participants enrolled in an SBIRT Study (Computer and Clinician Administered) in an HIV primary care clinic (N = 208)

From: Changes in Specific Substance Involvement Scores among SBIRT recipients in an HIV primary care setting

Variable Total (n = 208) Received intervention (n = 134) No intervention (n = 74) P
Age (mean, SD) 45.4 ± 8.5 45.0 ± 8.5 46.1 ± 8.5 0.40
Race
 African American 83 (39.9) 54 (40.3) 29 (39.2) 0.92
 Caucasian 64 (30.8) 40 (29.9) 24 (32.4)  
 Hispanic 35 (16.8) 24 (17.9) 11 (14.9)  
 Other 26 (12.5) 16 (11.9) 10 (13.5)  
Gender
 Female 49 (23.6) 32 (23.9) 17 (23.0) 0.51*
 Male 138 (66.4) 86 (64.2) 52 (70.3)  
 Other 21 (10.1) 16 (11.9) 5 (6.8)  
Education (n = 202)
 High school or GED 128 (63.4) 82 (63.6) 46 (63.0) 0.94
 More than high school 74 (36.6) 47 (36.4) 27 (37.0)  
Currently employed (n = 204)
 No 174 (85.3) 112 (84.9) 62 (86.1) 0.80
 Yes 30 (14.7) 20 (15.2) 10 (13.9)  
Adequate income (n = 204)
 Totally inadequate 45 (22.1) 26 (20.0) 19 (25.7) 0.34*
 Barely adequate 128 (62.8) 81 (62.3) 47 (63.5)  
 Enough 31 (15.2) 23 (17.7) 8 (10.8)  
Health insurance (n = 205)
 No 36 (17.6) 23 (17.6) 13 (17.6) 1.00
 Yes 169 (82.4) 108 (82.4) 61 (82.4)  
Clinical
 Years positive (mean, SD) 12.4 ± 7.4 12.7 ± 7.5 11.9 ± 7.1 0.44
 Undetectable viral load 128 (61.5) 85 (63.4) 43 (58.1) 0.45
 CD4 count (mean, SD) 512.5 ± 333.5 503.8 ± 356.6 527.8 ± 290.5 0.68
SSIS (mean, SD)a
 Tobacco 14.6 ± 10.8 15.1 ± 10.7 13.8 ± 11.1 0.43
 Alcohol 11.2 ± 10.8 11.4 ± 11.0 10.6 ± 10.4 0.60
 Cannabis 9.9 ± 10.4 10.1 ± 10.5 9.4 ± 10.4 0.65
 Cocaine 9.0 ± 11.0 9.7 ± 11.4 7.6 ± 10.1 0.20
 Amphetamine 8.3 ± 11.0 9.1 ± 11.5 6.9 ± 10.2 0.19
 Inhalants 1.7 ± 4.9 2.0 ± 5.6 1.2 ± 2.9 0.30
 Sedatives 4.3 ± 7.6 4.5 ± 8.0 3.7 ± 6.5 0.52
 Hallucinogens 1.8 ± 5.3 2.1 ± 6.1 1.1 ± 3.2 0.22
 Opioids 4.3 ± 8.2 4.6 ± 8.4 3.7 ± 7.8 0.50
 Other 1.2 ± 4.5 1.2 ± 4.5 1.3 ± 4.5 0.88
  1. SSIS Specific Substance Involvement Score, from the ASSIST measure
  2. * Fisher’s exact
  3. aValidated cut points: lower risk to health and other problems (0–10 for alcohol, 0–3 for all other substances), moderate risk to health and other problems (11–26 for alcohol, 4–26 for all other substances), high risk of severe problems (health, social, financial, legal, or relationship) consistent with a diagnosis of substance dependence (27 + for all substances)