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Table 4 Separate logistic regression models evaluating the association between substance use (unhealthy alcohol use, past-month IDU, opioid craving) and ART (n = 249)

From: Role of substance use in HIV care cascade outcomes among people who inject drugs in Russia

Variable Outcome
ART and unhealthy alcohol use n = 249 use ART and IDU
n = 249
ART and opioid craving
n = 250
Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value
AUDIT 20-40
Alcohol dependence
0.98 (0.37, 2.57) 0.97
AUDIT 8–19
Hazardous drinking
1.24 (0.52, 2.95) 0.62
IDU 0.89 (0.41, 1.90) 0.76
Opioid Craving
30–70
1.34 (0.53, 3.37) 0.53
Opioid Craving
71–100
1.16 (0.46, 2.92) 0.76
Gender (female vs. male) 1.25 (0.52, 2.97) 0.61 1.23 (0.51, 2.93) 0.64 1.22 (0.51, 2.90) 0.65
Age 1.04 (0.97, 1.13) 0.28 1.04 (0.96, 1.13) 0.31 1.05 (0.97, 1.13) 0.27
Stigma 0.74 (0.39, 1.40) 0.35 0.73 (0.39, 1.40) 0.35 0.74 (0.39, 1.40) 0.35