Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of HIV-positive Russians with opioid use, overall and by past-month IDU status (n = 249)

From: Role of substance use in HIV care cascade outcomes among people who inject drugs in Russia

Characteristic Total
N = 249
IDU past montha
n = 130
No IDU past montha
n = 119
p value
Age: mean (SD) 34.3 (4.8) 33.6 (5.1) 35.1 (4.3) 0.01
Male 184 (74%) 89 (69%) 95 (80%) 0.04
Married or partnered 83 (33%) 45 (35%) 38 (32%) 0.23
Education (less than 9 grades) 68 (27%) 39 (30%) 29 (24%) 0.06
Depressive symptoms CES-D ≥ 16 208 (88%) 113 (92%) 95 (85%) 0.10
Social support: mean (SD) 19 (5) 19 (5) 19 (5) 0.25
Stigma score: mean (SD)a 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 0.85
AUDITa     
 Score 0–7 100 (40%) 41 (31%) 59 (50%) 0.009
 Score 8–19 81 (33%) 51 (39%) 30 (25%)  
 Score 20–40 67 (27%) 38 (29%) 29 (25%)  
Opioid craving: mean (SD)a 49 (38) 71 (31) 24 (29) < 0.001
Linked to care 119 (48%) 57 (43.8%) 62 (52%) 0.21
ART initiation 31 (12%) 15 (11%) 16 (13%) 0.70
CD4 cell count: mean (SD) 365 (260) 340 (256) 393 (264) 0.11
  1. aCollected at 6 months from baseline