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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-positive Russians with opioid use, overall and by AUDIT score (n = 249)

From: Role of substance use in HIV care cascade outcomes among people who inject drugs in Russia

Characteristic Total
N = 249
AUDITa score 0–7
n = 101
AUDITa score 8–19
n = 81
AUDITa score 20–40
n = 67
p value
Age: mean (SD) 34.3 (4.8) 34.6 (4.9) 34 (5.1) 34.2 (4.2) 0.70
Male 184 (74%) 72 (71%) 64 (79%) 48 (72%) 0.44
Married or partnered 84 (34%) 32 (32%) 30 (37%) 22 (33%) 0.52
Education (less than 9 grades) 67 (27%) 24 (24%) 24 (30%) 19 (28%) 0.36
Depressive symptoms CES-D ≥ 16 208 (88%) 79 (84%) 67 (88%) 62 (95%) 0.06
Social support: mean (SD) 19 (5) 19 (5) 19 (5) 19 (5) 0.85
Stigma score: mean (SD)a 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 0.62
Injection drug use, past-montha 130 (52%) 41 (41%) 51 (63%) 38 (57%) < 0.001
Opioid craving: mean (SD)a 49 (38) 41 (37) 54 (36) 53 (41) 0.04
Linked to care 119 (48%) 48 (48%) 39 (48%) 32 (48%) 1.00
ART initiation 31 (12%) 13 (13%) 11 (14%) 7 (10%) 0.85
  1. aCollected at 6 months from baseline