Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations of criminal justice involvement and substance use treatment on vulnerability and risk behavior

From: Associations of criminal justice and substance use treatment involvement with HIV/HCV testing and the HIV treatment cascade among people who use drugs in Oakland, California

  Homelessness Trouble meeting needs Income ≥ $900 Risky injection or sexual behavior
aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value
Incarceration 1.22 (1.00–1.48) 0.049 1.14 (1.01–1.28) 0.031 1.14 (0.84–1.55) 0.391 1.31 (1.04–1.66) 0.024
Community supervision 1.33 (1.14–1.55) <0.001 1.12 (1.02–1.23) 0.014 1.22 (0.96–1.56) 0.104 1.18 (1.00–1.40) 0.048
Substance use treatment 1.05 (0.96–1.15) 0.245 1.00 (0.94–1.06) 0.952 1.19 (1.00–1.41) 0.045 1.10 (0.98–1.23) 0.119
  1. Age, gender, race, education, steady partnership, having children and injection drug use history assessed as potential confounders in all analyses