Skip to main content

Table 2 Objective sleep changes during early and late abstinence, in comparison to healthy sleepers

From: Sleep abnormalities associated with alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, and opiate use: a comprehensive review

  Alcohol Cocaine Cannabis Opioids
Early Abs Late Abs Early Abs Late Abs Early Abs Late Abs Early Abs Late Abs
Sleep latency ? ? ?
Total sleep time ? ?
Slow wave sleep ? ?
REM sleep ? ? ? ?
REM latency ? ? ? ? ?
  1. Early Abs Early Abstinence or acute withdrawal
  2. Late Abs Late Abstinence or subacute withdrawal
  3. ? Insufficient data or conflicting results across studies