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Table 4 Mean health care utilization (SE) by treatment group

From: Costs of care for persons with opioid dependence in commercial integrated health systems

  Inpatient detox Residential stays PC visits ER visits MH visits Other visits
Counseling only .05* .07t 7.92* 1.25t 3.30* 5.81*
(.12) (.10) (.06) (.06) (.09) (.04)
Little or no addiction treatment .004* .01* 7.87* 1.45* 2.94t 6.22*
(.31) (.36) (.04) (.06) (.12) (.05)
Buprenorphine plus counseling .07 .07 6.15 1.10 2.33 4.97
(.11) (.11) (.03) (.08) (.09) (.04)
  1. Estimates are adjusted for age, gender, months of eligibility in the health system, Medicaid status, site, and propensity of type of treatment received.
  2. t – Not significantly different from buprenorphine plus counseling at the .05 level.
  3. *Significantly different from buprenorphine plus counseling at p < .05.