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Table 3 Adjusted mean annual cost 2008 U.S. dollars

From: Costs of care for persons with opioid dependence in commercial integrated health systems

  Mean annual cost (95% CI)
Counseling only 17,017t
(16,751 – 17,285)
Little or no addiction treatment 31,035**
(30,433 – 31,637)
Buprenorphine plus counseling 13,578
(13,364 – 13,791)
  1. Costs are adjusted for age, gender, months of eligibility in the health system, site, and propensity of type of treatment received.
  2. t – Not significantly different from buprenorphine plus counseling at the .05 level.
  3. **Significantly different from buprenorphine plus counseling at p < .001.