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Table 1 Typology of hybrid designs*

From: An implementation-focused process evaluation of an incentive intervention effectiveness trial in substance use disorders clinics at two Veterans Health Administration medical centers

Research questions Hybrid type 1 Hybrid type 2 Hybrid type 3
Primary Effectiveness: Will the clinical treatment work in this setting/with these patients? Effectiveness: Will the clinical treatment work in this setting/with these patients? Implementation: Which method works better in facilitating implementation of the clinical treatment?
AND
Implementation: Does the implementation method show promise?
Secondary Implementation: What are the potential barriers/facilitators to the treatment’s implementation?   Effectiveness: Is a clinical treatment effective in this setting/with these patients?
  1. *From Curran, Bauer, Mittman, Pyne & Stetler, [15].