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Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of Predictor Variables (N = 375)

From: Motivation rulers for smoking cessation: a prospective observational examination of construct and predictive validity

Predictors Frequencies (%) Mean (SD)
Demographics
Age (in years)   41 (12)
Sex:   
 Male 164 (44%)  
 Female 210 (56%)  
Race:   
 White 152 (41%)  
 Nonwhite 220 (59%)  
Educational Status:   
 <High School 88 (24%)  
 High School Graduate 282 (75%)  
Predictors
Nicotine Dependence   2.50 (1.62)
Importance Ruler1   7.31 (3.06)
Readiness Ruler2   6.16 (3.38)
Confidence Ruler3   4.63 (5.00)
Stage of Change:   
 Precontemplation 166 (44%)  
 Contemplation 122 (33%)  
 Preparation 78 (21%)  
Smoking Behavior Change (Two-Week Follow-Up)
Quit Attempt4 121 (32%)  
Seven-Day Point Prevalence Abstinence5 24 (6%)  
Smoking Behavior Change6:   
 Continuous smoker 254 (68%)  
 Relapse 97 (26%)  
 Successful change 24 (6%)  
  1. 1Importance ruler: 0 = “not at all important”; 10 = “the most important goal of my life.” 2Readiness ruler: 0 = “not at all ready”; 10 = “100% ready.” 3Confidence ruler: 0 = “not at all confident”; 10 = “100 % confident.” 4Quit attempt: 0 = Did not stop smoking for one day because trying to quit; 1 = Stopped smoking for one day because trying to quit. 5Seven-day point prevalence abstinence: 0 = Smoked at least a puff in the last seven days; 1 = Did not smoke even a puff in the last seven days. 6Smoking behavior change: relapse = a 24-hour quit attempt but back to smoking at two-week follow-up; continuous smoker = no 24-hour quit attempt; successful change = seven-day point prevalence abstinence at two-week follow-up.